Enhancing Standardisation strategies to integrate innovative technologies for Safety and Security in existing water networks



Access to safe water is essential for human well-being. The risks and effects of unsafe water and the lack of access to water can have significant consequences for populations through the spread of disease, pollution of the environment and violent resource competition.

Compounding this is the concern that our increasingly interconnected water systems are vulnerable targets for attack, due to their extensive reach and our ultimate reliance on their services. These issues highlight the need to ensure that our water systems are not only safe and secure but that they are able to respond to dynamic threats.

Innovative technological solutions and services can help to address these issues, providing the means to detect and warn of unsafe water or service anomalies, as well as developing decision support systems and management systems in crisis situations to enable agile and appropriate responses to water insecurity.


AQUA3S employs innovative technologies in water safety and security, aiming to standardise existing sensor technologies, which are complemented by state-of-the-art detection mechanisms to identify and respond to harms.

AQUA3S will build a holistic and extensive understanding of water safety and security by utilising:

  • sensors installed within water networks and sources
  • information from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
  • satellite images, and
  • social media observations.

Our Role

Trilateral provides expert guidance on the ethical, legal and data protection issues within AQUA3S, as part of work packages 1, 2, 3, and 9, incorporating a respect for privacy, ethical and social considerations into the research and outputs of the project.

Furthermore, Trilateral is responsible for including relevant training on such considerations within the training manual for AQUA3S end-users and ensuring proper compliance within the pilot process, as part of work package 8.

As part of work package 9, Trilateral are responsible for the pre-standardisation privacy and ethical assessment to ensure that AQUA3S’ impact is inclusive and offers whole-society resilience without unintentionally leaving any groups behind. These responsibilities draw on Trilateral’s extensive experience in ethics, data protection and socio-cultural impacts as well as undertaking impact assessments.



AQUA3S will develop a platform combining novel technologies aiming to assist the water safety and security, as well as the standardisation of current existing sensor technologies.

AQUA3S will be deployed and tested across a number of locations in a series of pilot schemes, including four large metropolitan cities, Brussels, Paris, Sofia and Thessaloniki, as well as smaller rural municipalities in Bulgaria, Cyprus and Italy.



AQUA3S acts to build social awareness and participation within affected communities. Moreover, AQUA3S facilitates more efficient environmental monitoring and more effective crisis management thanks to better equipment for pollution detection, the creation of early warning mechanisms for water authorities, and a complex collaborative system, allowing authorities to record problems, identify new solutions and engage easily with different authorities in countering crisis situations, thereby aiding decision-making and crisis management.


For more information and updates visit the project website and follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn.


Please contact our team for more information:


Peter Wieltschnig, Research Analyst at Trilateral Research



AQUA3S has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 832876.

‘Risk Assessment Report and Methodology’

You can view the Executive Summary and Table of contents of the Project Solebay Risk Assessment Methodology Report.

Please sign up to the Solebay mailing list to download the Full Solebay project report.